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MARIA IZQUIERDO (1902/1955), MEXICAN PAINTER – Woman who opened the door for many female artists


MARIA IZQUIERDO 1/3 – Most of his works are preserved abroad and many other works are lost. She is known to be the first Mexican woman to have brought her own artwork to the United States. She was born in San Juan de los Lagos (Jalisco), but after five years she lost her father, living with her relatives with an education based on respect for Catholic traditions. She had three children at the age of 17, when she moved to the Mexican capital, where she abandoned her husband (Army Colonel) to develop her artistic evolution, freely. In 1928 she began her lessons at the Academy of Fine Arts in Mexico City, where she attended her first art exhibition, showing three of her paintings. In 1931 she left the Academy, frustrated with the art of school, focused solely on political change.

MARIA IZQUIERDO 2/3 – His self-portraits often show her in traditional Mexican garments. Diego Rivera described her as one of the most interesting figures of the country’s artistic scene. After leaving the Academy, an instructor continued to assist her, sharing a four-year study. That time Mexican reforms had attracted many talented artists, who met the importance of traditional values by creating murals. Because of her friendship with the poet Antonin Artaud, in 1936 she embraced some of the principles of surrealism. In 1940, her art was exhibited in Paris and in Museum of Modern Art in New York Throughout her life, she pledged to paint, showing the pride of her Mexican roots. Inspired by devotional art and also by French painters, she has left us paintings that are extremely simple, illustrating altars and horses, portraits and circus.

MARIA IZQUIERDO 3/3 – She has interpreted art as a communication tool with the soul. Known for the use of bright colors, she painted almost exclusively paintings made with oil paintings or watercolors. She has never been identified as a surrealist painter (but many of her paintings contain unusual arguments). Instead of painting political messages, she painted images, which were rooted in Mexican traditions, with the extraordinary talent of an Indian tarasco coming from a Mexican village in the heart of Mexico. The last years were painful, but she did not stop painting until she was physically incapable. She suffered from stroke, dying in 1955.

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