We are pleased to present you five art museums selected based on the ranking based on visitor turnout. Metropolitan Museum of Art is the largest art museum in the United States, where, in New York, it offers you an artistic overview of different eras and cultures. When visiting France, you cannot help but go to Paris, where the Louvre Museum hosts the artistic realization of two famous women: Mona Lisa and Venus de Milo. In Italy, in Rome, you will discover that the Vatican Museums host masterpieces, including the Sistine Chapel frescoed by Michelangelo. The National Museum of China in Beijing features a vast collection of Chinese art and culture, from prehistoric times to the present day. In the United Kingdom, the British Museum in London holds archaeological and historical finds from around the world. These are just a few art museums, but there are many more that are worth a visit. If you are interested in modern and contemporary art, you might also consider Rome and its National Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art.
This Roman Museum, which houses masterpieces of Italian and foreign art from the 19th to the 21st century, among the most famous and significant works offers you a marble sculpture by Antonio Canova, Hercules and Lichas, which represents the Greek myth of the hero who kills the centaur who had kidnapped Deianira. A large circular canvas, The Dance, by Henri Matisse, shows five naked female figures holding hands in a gesture of joy and harmony. The eccentricity of Pino Pascali, however, evoking the sea and its continuously moving surface, offers you an installation made up of 32 plastic tanks filled with water and colored blue: Approximately 32 m2 of sea. Golden bare on acacia thorns, a gilded bronze sculpture by Giuseppe Penone, reproduces the shape of a tree with thorns. These are just some of the works you can admire in the National Gallery. If you want to know more, you can consult the catalog of the 100 Years of Modern Art exhibition https://lagallerianazionale.com/mostra/100-years-of-modern-art. The fourth estate, symbol of the workers’ and socialist movement painted by Giuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo, portrays a crowd of workers marching towards the city.
As demonstrated by his works dedicated to farmers, children, the elderly and the poor, this artist was also sensitive to social and human issues. His life was marked by family tragedies which, in 1907, led him to suicide. Giuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo, an Italian painter born and died in Volpedo, was one of the greatest exponents of divisionism, a painting technique based on the breakdown of colors into small dots or strokes. Among his most important works is The Fourth Estate, a painting that has become a symbol of the workers’ and socialist movement. If you want to delve deeper into his biography and his works, you can consult the website https://www.artlex.com/it/artisti/giuseppe-pellizza-da-volpedo/ dedicated to the painter.
Pictorial divisionism was inspired by French pointillism, but enriched it with symbolic, social and political meanings. Among its main exponents, we remember Pellizza da Volpedo, Segantini and Longoni, painters at the service of symbolistic, historical-allegorical and political-social themes, who combined individual colors in their pure state, without mixing them. This artistic technique, which was centered in Milan and developed in Italy between the end of the nineteenth century and 1915, was based on the combination of pure colors spread on the canvas in small dots or strokes, which created effects of light and movement. Finally, the futurism of Boccioni, Carrà and Severini was born from the pointillist study of luminous vibrations. If you want to know more, visit this website https://www.studiarapido.it/divisionismo-caratteriche-e-pittori/.
If you want to closely observe The Fourth Estate, an oil painting on canvas created in three years by the Italian painter Giuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo, you will have to go to the Gallery of Modern Art in Milan https://museidimilano.it/arte/galleria-modernArt. Ambassadors of Hunger, the first stage of the path that will lead to the final draft of his masterpiece, The Fourth Estate, has as its subject a workers’ revolt. The scene is seen from above, its three protagonists walking together in front of the protesting crowd. The artist’s objectives were to make the crowd of people more tumultuous and to perfect the color values. In the modulation of chromatically warm images, the pictorial technique is explained by the artist himself in one of his letters from 1898.
“The theory of contrasts, that of complementariness and the division of color is helpful to me according to the purpose I set myself in my works. All the science concerning light and colors arouses particular interest in me: through it I can be aware of what I do. This is the aim of the attempts I am making at the moment; and, in the hope of achieving the best result, I make preliminary studies to clearly determine in my mind what I want to do; then I draw the cartoons to limestone on the canvas, on this I apply the preparation color even in place, so I try to finish every detail of the painting from life. And in the result the workmanship should be neither entirely in dots, nor entirely in dashes, nor entirely in impasto; nor either entirely smooth, or entirely rough; but various how various are the appearances of objects in nature, and to reach with shapes and colors a speaking harmony, an idea to the mind or a feeling to the heart”.
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