Quena is the traditional flute of the Andes and the siku is a traditional Andean panpipe. Ocarina is a common instrument around the world, and in the Americas it dates from the time of the Incas (is used for festivals, rituals and ceremonies). Prior to the arrival of the European conquerors, the modern national borders that make up the Americas did not exist, so one cannot refer to music from “Chile”, or any other South American country, from this time. However, music existed in the Americas for centuries before European conquest. When the Incas advanced over the north of Chile, they encountered different native peoples and absorbed elements of their culture, especially the Atacameños. The Mapuche people were the main indigenous people populating from Copiapó in the north, to Chiloé in the south. They were never conquered by the Incas, so their music differ from the northern cultures that fell under Andean

Popular music in the colonial period and during the struggle for independence was highly influenced by military bands and by the church. Northern traditional music in the territories between the regions of Arica y Parinacota and Coquimbo) has been highly influenced by Andean music. The cueca, has long been considered the most traditional music and dance of Chile, and it first appeared in 1824. The Tonada is another important form of Chilean traditional song (arising from the music brought by Spanish settlers).

Rafael Manriquez, Chile, folk guitar

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Chile Folk Music

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